Glaucoma is a common eye condition affecting people across America and the rest of the world. There are more than 100,000 people in the US who are known to be blind due to glaucoma. Fortunately, eye glaucoma treatment is available and highly effective in preventing the progression of this irreversible eye disease.
Understanding Glaucoma and Its Causes
Glaucoma is a condition wherein fluid inside the eye accumulates and builds up pressure. This pressure compresses the optic nerve that innervates the eye, as well as placing pressure on the lens and sclera.
Unfortunately, the eye damage caused by glaucoma is irreversible. In North America, glaucoma is the second largest leading cause of permanent blindness. Unlike some other eye diseases, it tends to get worse over time. Without intervention, people with glaucoma may become legally blind or lose their ability to see altogether.
Glaucoma: Top 5 Facts to Know
There are many factors that can lead to glaucoma.
Glaucoma may be caused or worsened by anything that causes pressure inside the eye to increase. This includes many prescription medications, other eye diseases, uncontrolled high blood pressure, and natural processes associated with aging.
Glaucoma is treatable with prescription medication and eye drops.
Both eye drops and oral medications have been used in the treatment of glaucoma with great success. While eye drops are a type of liquid glaucoma medication that is placed directly on the surface of the eye, oral medications are taken by mouth and help to control blood pressure and intraocular pressure systemically.
Surgical and laser treatments of glaucoma are increasingly common.
When oral medications or eye drops are not giving the intended effect, and glaucoma symptoms are worsening despite their regular and continued use, surgery may be indicated. While different methods of traditional surgery such as trabeculectomy have been used for decades, it is only within the past fifteen years that equally, effective laser surgical techniques have entered into mainstream use.
Diet is an important component of glaucoma treatment.
Many people do not understand the role of diet and eating well as a component of eye glaucoma treatment. However, changing your diet to one that contains plentiful vegetables and fruits is among the easiest and most effective ways to keep your eyes healthy. This provides your body with vitamins and minerals for healing as well as combating free radicals, a type of molecule that is thought to cause cell damage.
Furthermore, since high blood pressure is related to the development and worsening of glaucoma, using diet to control your blood pressure can prevent glaucoma from occurring or worsening. This may include reducing your dietary sodium as well as eating enough vegetables and fruits.